Will sodium batteries replace lead-acid batteries in 2024? 1 article amazing makes it clear!

Currently, most electric two-wheelers on the market use lead-acid batteries and lithium batteries. However, in 2023, several brands including Yadi, Xinri, and Tailing launched electric vehicles using sodium batteries. The performance of electric vehicles is largely determined by batteries.

Therefore, for electric vehicle users, batteries are the focus of attention. The goal of sodium batteries is to replace lead-acid batteries. However, the application field of lead-acid batteries is very wide, so by 2024, can sodium batteries replace lead-acid batteries? Let’s discuss the choice between sodium-electric vehicles and lead-acid electric vehicles.

Can sodium batteries replace lead-acid batteries in 2024?

Although in 2023, many electric vehicle brands launched models equipped with sodium batteries and have begun delivery, in 2024, brands such as Niu have also indicated that they will launch sodium-battery electric vehicles. But does this mean that sodium-sodium batteries will replace lead-acid batteries in 2024?

Sodium batteries have many advantages, such as a service life of more than 10 years, good low-temperature resistance (can operate in an environment of minus 20℃), and support for fast charging and over-discharge, which are far superior to lead-acid batteries. The life of lead-acid batteries is significantly shorter than that of sodium batteries, usually no more than 5 years. Therefore, many car owners are eager for it to be popularized quickly. However, as an industry insider, I think it is unlikely that sodium batteries will replace lead-acid batteries in the mainstream in 2024 for two reasons:

  1. Brands only use sodium batteries as a test product

Although many brands launched sodium battery models in 2023, as of now, models such as Tailing have been sold in Beijing and Jinan. This clearly shows that despite the excellent performance of sodium batteries, major brands have not fully invested in the production of sodium battery models, but are still in the exploratory stage.

The cost of sodium batteries could make them a viable alternative to lithium-ion
The cost of sodium batteries could make them a viable alternative to lithium-ion

Other brands, such as Emma, ​​have also made it clear that they will not launch sodium battery models in 2024. Many brands are waiting for sodium battery models to be recognized in the market before following up, and this popularization effect is difficult to achieve quickly in 2024.

  1. Cost factors, sodium battery prices are unlikely to have an advantage in the short term

From the perspective of the Tailing electric vehicles currently on sale, the advantage of sodium battery vehicles is mainly that the price is slightly lower than that of lithium batteries, but it is still higher than that of lead-acid batteries.

The situation in the electric vehicle market is that although the annual sales volume exceeds 40 million, models below 2,000 yuan account for a large proportion. This means that models in the mainstream market, from a cost perspective, cannot be equipped with sodium batteries for the time being, let alone replacement. Compared with lead-acid battery production and manufacturing, the cost of sodium batteries is slightly higher, which makes it difficult to gain a foothold in the current market competition.

What factors should be considered when choosing sodium electric vehicles vs. lead-acid electric vehicles?

In summary, sodium batteries are unlikely to completely replace lead-acid batteries in 2024, but more brands are expected to launch sodium-battery electric vehicles. In this case, how to choose between sodium-electric vehicles and lead-acid electric vehicles? Let’s analyze them one by one.

Current characteristics of sodium battery electric vehicles: higher price than lead-acid batteries, small market share, more troublesome battery replacement, and uncertain factors, but long battery life, superior energy density and charging and discharging performance, high safety, and no pollution.

Suitable user groups:

  1. Users with a high budget who are worried about the safety of lithium batteries;
  2. Users who do not want to replace batteries frequently;
  3. Users who live in cold areas in winter and lead-acid batteries cannot adapt to low temperatures;
  4. If you are in a county town or rural area, it is not recommended to choose, because the market will not be popular in the short term, and after-sales service is also difficult.

In addition to the above, if you buy an electric vehicle mainly for easy transportation and pursue cost-effectiveness, 2024 may not be the best time to choose a sodium battery electric vehicle. Waiting for this technology to mature, prices to drop, and uncertain factors to be eliminated, it may be more appropriate to choose a sodium battery model, and this is also the best time for lead-acid batteries to be replaced.

What do you think? Will sodium batteries replace lead-acid batteries in 2024? What will you do when choosing between sodium-electric vehicles and lead-acid electric vehicles? Please leave a message to share your thoughts.

Sodium batteries are gaining attention for their potential in renewable energy storage
Sodium batteries are gaining attention for their potential in renewable energy storage